United States efforts to achieve disarmament with special reference to disarmament through the United Nations
Disarmament is not a new question in our times. The collapse of disarmament was one of the principal causes of World War II. The basic question can always be asked: What led to the start of this war? One answer is the race in armaments. How then to prevent such a race? Disarmament of all States is one of the principal means to prevent the armaments race leading to war. The League of Nations tried in many ways to bring armaments under control. However, the efforts of the League were in vain and finally World War II broke out. Although not a member of the League of Nations, the United States of America made many attempts to bring armaments under control. As in the case of the League's efforts, the varied attempts of the United States to control the race in armaments were fruitless and World War II became a reality. This study will concentrate on two areas: first, on the activities of the Unites States Government and related organizations outside of the Disarmament Commission of the United Nations; second, on the activities of United States representatives in the Disarmament Commission of the United Nations from its creation in 1952 to June 28, 1960.